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Anatomy & Physiology (HFAP-01)


Course Description

Anatomy & Physiology is designed for learners in the allied health field with little or no prior biology or anatomy and physiology knowledge. The course is organized according to body systems, and focuses on the body working together to promote homeostasis.

After completing this course, you should be able to:

• Identify the different cells of the human body
• Define features and characteristics of tissue, skin, and bone
• Define the function and movement of joints, muscles, and the spinal cord
• Identify parts of the brain, functions of hormones, and processes of blood cells
• Comprehend the function and location of the systems of the body


Anatomy & Physiology Module 1- The Human Body & Cells
• Planes
• Cavities
• Structural Units
• Homeostasis
• Atomic Structure
• Elements, Isotopes, Compounds
• Common Substances in Living Systems
• Movement of Materials Into and Out of Cells
• Anatomy of a Typical Eukaryotic Cell
• Cellular Metabolism
• Biochemical Respiration
• Anaerobic Respiration
• Production of ATP
• Cellular Reproduction
• The Structure of DNA
• The Cell Cycle
• Mitosis and Meiosis
• Gametogenesis
Anatomy & Physiology Module 2- Tissues, Integumentary & Skeletal Systems
• Epithelial Tissue
• Connective Tissue
• Muscle Tissue
• Nervous Tissue
• Layers of the Skin
• Structures of the Skin
• Functions of the Integumentary System
• Functions of the Skeletal System
• Growth and Formation of Bone
• Histology of Bone
• Classification of Bones
• Bone Markings
• Divisions of the Skeleton
• The Axial Skeleton
• The Appendicular Skeleton
Anatomy & Physiology Module 3- The Articular, Muscular and Nervous Systems
• Classifications of Joints
• Movements of Synovial Joints
• Six Types of Diarthroses
• Bursae
• The Types of Muscles
• Anatomy of Striated Muscle
• Physiology of Muscle Contraction
• The Muscle Twitch
• Muscle Tone
• Anatomy of Smooth Muscle
• Anatomy of Cardiac Muscle
• Naming and Actions of Skeletal Muscles
• Functions and Locations of Skeletal Muscles
• Classification of Nerve Cells
• Physiology of the Nerve impulse
• Synaptic Transmission
• The Reflex Arc
• Grouping of Neural Tissue
• The Spinal Cord
• The Spinal Nerves
Anatomy & Physiology Module 4- Nervous and Endocrine Systems & Blood
• The Principal Parts of the brain
• Anatomy and Functions of the Brain
• The Cerebrum & Cerebellum
• Autonomic Nervous System
• 12 Cranial Nerves
• The Special Senses
• Functions of Hormones
• Classifications of Hormones
• Hypothalamus of the Brain
• Major Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
• Functions of the Blood
• Classification of Blood Cells
• Formation of Blood Cells
• The Clotting Mechanism
• The Blood Groups
Anatomy & Physiology Module 5- The Cardiovascular, Lymphatic & Digestive Systems
• Anatomy of the Heart
• Blood Flow through the Heart
• A Cardiac Cycle
• Major Blood Circulatory Routes
• Anatomy of Blood Vessels
• Major Arteries and Veins
• Structure and Function of the Lymphatic Vessels
• Lymph Circulation
• Organs of the Lymphatic System
• Immunity
• Antigens and Antibodies
• The Immune Response
• Histology
• The Mouth & Salivary Glands
• Teeth
• Pharynx and Esophagus
• Stomach, Pancreas and Liver
• Small & Large Intestines
Anatomy & Physiology Module 6- The Respiratory, Urinary & Reproductive Systems
• Anatomy and Function of the Nose
• Structure and Function of the Pharynx
• Trachea or Windpipe
• Bronchi and the Bronchial Tree
• Anatomy and Function of the Lungs
• The Respiration Process
• Lung Capacity
• Functions of the Urinary System
• Anatomy of the Kidneys
• The Nephrons
• Anatomy and Function of the Ureters
• The Urinary Bladder
• The Urethra
• The Male Reproductive System
• The Female Reproductive System
• The Perineum
• Anatomy and Function of the Mammary Glands
• Pregnancy and Embryonic Development


12 months




There are no specific prerequisites for this course. Students will need access to both a computer and the internet. Students should have basic keyboarding and computer skills, and be comfortable navigating the internet.

The intended audience for this program is individuals that are seeking to gain employment in the field of Anatomy & Physiology or wishing to enhance their skills in the field of Anatomy & Physiology.





This class supported by an Educational Mentor. Our educational mentors have worked or are working in the subject they mentor. Educational Mentors reviews student work, student progress, and interacts with students as needed. They respond to any questions or concerns you might have, as well as encouraging and motivating you to succeed.


Internet Access
• Broadband or high-speed internet access is required. Broadband includes DSL, cable, and wireless connections.
• Dial-Up internet connections will result in a diminished online experience. Moodle pages may load slowly and viewing large audio and video files may not be possible.

• Windows hardware configurations and processors are acceptable
• Mac computers MUST have Microsoft Window Operating Systems over Bootcamp (Bootcamp is a free download from Apple's website)
• 1 GB RAM minimum recommended
• Operating Systems
-Windows XP, Vista or 7 and Mac OS X 10 or higher with Windows
• Web Browsers
-Google Chrome is highly recommended
-Internet Explorer is not recommended as it may not display certain menus and links
• Cookies MUST be enabled
• Pop-ups MUST be allowed (Pop-up Blocker disabled)
• Kindle Reader App
• Adobe PDF Reader
• Media Plug-ins (These may be required depending on your course media.)
• Adobe Flash Player
• Adobe Acrobat Reader, Apple Quicktime, Windows Media Player, &/or Real Player
• PowerPoint Viewer

The following textbooks will be provided to each student upon registration:

• Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology by Donald C Rizzo

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